Alopecia Areata treatment
Alopecia areata is the loss of hair in circular or oval patches from the scalp or elsewhere such as eyebrows, beards, etc. The bald patches are usually of the size of a five-rupee coin or one-rupee coin. Complete loss of hair may also occur in some individuals although it is not very common. Having bald patches on one’s head, beard and eyebrows can be very distressing.
Alopecia areata is a fairly common skin disorder and about 1 percent of the population is affected at any given time. Unlike other kinds of hair loss, alopecia areata is a reversible hair loss as the follicles ( a structure that encloses the root of the hair) of hair are not damaged. Alopecia areata does not affect patient health in any other way. Few people complain of itching when hair starts falling. There is no physical discomfort associated with it.
Causes of Alopecia Areata :
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease. In this condition, the defense cells of the body – because of a misdirected response – start to destroy hair follicles resulting in bald patches. Heredity and genetics play a significant role in alopecia areata. Patients suffering from alopecia areata very often mention a family member suffering from the same condition.
Signs and Symptoms of Alopecia Areata :
Alopecia areata shows up as bald patches. The most common areas for alopecia areata are the scalp and the beard but may involve any body part with hair. There may be one, or multiple bald patches. The patches are usually round in shape and smooth to touch.
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