Constipation is termed as infrequent bowel movements with difficulty in passage of stools


  • Intestinal obstruction
  • Colon cancer
  • Bowel stricture
  • Anal fissure
  • Rectocele
  • Low fibre diet
  • Drinking less water a day
  • Spinal cord injury could also lead to muscles weakness of the rectum leading to constipation
  • Weakened pelvic muscles


  1. No passage of stools for more than consecutive 3 to 4 days
  2. Excessive strain to pass stools
  3. The sensation of blockage in the rectum due to which inability to pass stools
  4. Excessive pain in the anal region
  5. Weakness in pelvic muscles and lower limbs
  6. Passage of blood due to long straining
  7. Shortness of breath with bradycardia due to constipated feeling
  8. Inability to perform daily tasks restless feeling


  • Any mental disorder leading to vomiting on seeing food
  • Elderly people who suffer from dental caries avoid eating high fibre food
  • At the time of pregnancy where emesis is due to food so food intake is not up to the mark causing constipation


Diet and  lifestyle changes, daily regular exercise, laxatives, high fibre diet, Stimulants, lubricants, enema in severe cases


  1. Bryonia

Dryness is a well-marked feature of this remedy dryness in the rectum and anus leads to hard stools stool is dry as if burnt and passes in lumps some patients complain of headche due to constipation whereas others say that constipation causes abdominal distention

  1. Alumina

The well-marked feature of this remedy is the absence of urge to pass stools Person can also go with months without passing stools  excessive straining is required to pass even soft stool constipation in children, infants and bottle-fed babies are mostly indicated

  1. Antim crudum

Constipation alternating with diarrhoea are well-marked features for this remedy. Constipation which causes piles and muscle pain is also relieved by this remedy.

  1. Natrum Mur

This remedy is prescribed by doctor when there is passage of motion on alternate days ,usually to regular bowel movements this remedy acts well especially in elderly people

  1. Opium

The patient often complains that there is the sensation of the passage of ball-like stools even after taking laxatives for a long time still there is no relief from constipation dryness is also a well-marked feature where at the time of passage of stools there is weakness all over limbs