Hyper pigmentation is also known as brown spots. They are commonly found in people with dark skins and in Brunner’s with olive complexions. It is mostly seen in women more than men. The dark spots often develop on the cheeks, forehead, and upper lip. Pigments can be deposited superficially (epidermal) or deeper (dermal).
Pigmentation is the darkening of facial skin due to the excessive production of a pigment called melanin. The medical term is melasma, where patches of pigmentation appear on the face, especially cheeks, nose, forehead, and upper lip. Facial pigmentation is more common in women, but in some cases, can also occur in men.
Major causes are hormonal changes in women during pregnancy, during menopause, consumption of contraceptive pills, and hyperthyroidism. Other trigger factors include stress, inadequate sleep, and overexposure to the sun. Homeopathy has a safe and effective remedy for treating facial pigmentation. They help by restoring an even tone to the skin and halting further progression of the condition.
Excess Melanin pigmentation on the skin
Over exposure of the skin to the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun
Lentigines or liver spots
Ephelides or freckles
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is caused by acne, rash, scratch marks, or an injury to the skin.
Melasma is also known as facial Chloasma or the mask of pregnancy. It is tan or dark skin discoloration. It is caused by hormonal changes due to pregnancy, birth control pills, and menopause. Lentigines or liver spots are dark patches of different sizes seen in older individuals. Liver spots occur because of overexposure to the sun. Ephelides or freckles are small patches seen in young people with light-complexioned skin. This happens in people who are prone to sunburns and overexposure to the sun.