Hyper pigmentation is also known as brown spots. They are commonly found in people with dark skins and in Brunner’s with olive complexions. It is mostly seen in women more than men. The dark spots often develop on the cheeks, forehead and upper lip. Pigments can be deposited superficially (epidermal) or deeper (dermal).
Pigmentation is the darkening of facial skin due to excessive production of a pigment called melanin. The medical term is melasma, where patches of pigmentation appear on the face, especially cheeks, nose, forehead and upper lip. Facial pigmentation is more common in women, but in some cases, can also occur in men.
Major causes are hormonal changes in women during pregnancy, during menopause, consumption of contraceptive pills and hyper-thyroidism. Other trigger factors include stress, inadequate sleep and over exposure to the sun. Homeopathy has a safe and effective remedy for treating facial pigmentation. They help by restoring an even tone to the skin and halting further progression of the condition.
Excess Melanin pigmentation on skin
Over exposure of the skin to the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun
Post inflammatory hyper pigmentation
Lentigines or liver spots
Ephelides or freckles
Post inflammatory hyper pigmentation are caused by acne,rash,scratch marks or an injury to the skin.
Melasma is also known as facial Chloasma or the mask of pregnancy.It is a tan or dark skin discolouration.It is caused by hormonal changes due to pregnancy,birth control pills and menopause. Lentigines or liver spots are dark patches of different sizes seen in older individuals.Liver spots occur because of overexposure to the sun. Ephelides or freckles are small patches seen in young people with light complexioned skin.This happens in people who are prone to sun burns and overexposure to sun.